Job Costing Vs Process Costing

This form of cost accounting is suitable for large-scale production, companies that produce different products, or where there are various levels of production. These include companies that produce soap, paper, steel, paints, and cold drinks. Understanding the full manufacturing process for a product helps with tracking costs. This video on how drumsticks are made shows the production process for drumsticks at one company, starting with the raw wood and ending with packaging. Many businesses produce large quantities of a single product or similar products. Pepsi-Cola makes soft drinks, Exxon Mobil produces oil, and Kellogg Company produces breakfast cereals on a continuous basis over long periods.

Job Costing is performed where the products produced of a specialized nature, whereas Process Costing is used where standardized products are produced. Job Costing is best suited for the industries where specialized products are manufactured as per customer needs and demands. Some examples of those industries are Furniture, Ship Building, Printing Press, Interior Decoration, etc. Job costing makes the billing process easier for customers as well as the owners since the details of the exact costs are possible to be specified. But, later, products are produced in large volume, and consequently, it does not have individuality.

Steer the Financial Success of Your Business with Job Costing

Process costing simplifies record keeping by relying on statistical calculations rather than actual inputs. Another advantage of process costing is that it allows managers to get detailed information on the production statistics of individual departments or work groups. This is best suited for continuous manufacturing settings, such as factories and utility companies.

Each job is different, meaning all products have individual job costing. When used correctly and consistently, it will serve as a foundation for strengthening and growing your business. Ask yourself these questions as a contractor – am I actually making money? Effective job costing can address most of these issues and other friction points that contractors face.

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It also works on yourmobile, so you can track projects on the go—no matter where or when—and stay up-to-date. Suitable for products manufactured as per customer requirement. Cost is calculated based on work performed as per customer requirement/instructions.

Job Costing Vs Process Costing

Accountants use control accounts to track the cost to go into the manufacturing process. With the job costing approach, your business completes work on a project basis. This is the case for plumbers, mechanics, freelancers, movers, and anyone who works in a trade or provides customers an estimate before doing any work. The three inventory accounts that accountants use to track product cost information—raw materials inventory, work-in-process inventory, and finished goods inventory. Ajob costing system is used by companies that produce unique products or jobs. Job Costing, as the name implies, allows companies to track the revenues and costs of each job.


Depending on what industry you are in and how you are operating, you will likely find one or the other to be a more suitable option for all of your costing purposes. Unless you offer a variety of both customised and standardized products, you are unlikely to need to use both types of costing processes. Manufacturing departments are often organized by the various stages of the production process. Each department, or process, will have its own work in process inventory account, but there will only be one finished goods inventory account. In this chapter, you will learn when and why process costing is used.

Job Costing Vs Process Costing

This follows the expense recognition principle because the cost of the product is expensed when revenue from the sale is recognized. In job order costing the costs are ascertained for each job individually, and as each job is independent of the other no transfer of costs is needed. However, in process costing costs need to be transferred from one process to the other. Job order costing as per the name, involves costing for individual job orders.

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It is essential for manufacturers to understand both methods of costing in order to support things they need to know such as production costs, materials and labor costs, or how much to charge for their product. A disadvantage of job order costing is that employees are required to track all materials and labor used during the job. As an example, consider a construction contractor using a job order costing system. Job Costing Vs Process Costing The contractor has to keep track of all the wood, nails, screws, electrical fixtures, paint and other materials used on the job, as well as tracking workers’ lunch breaks and hours worked. Work in progress- At the beginning and end of each period, there’s always work in progress with process costing. Losses- It’s possible to separate losses with process costing, but it is not possible with job costing.

Managers can track actual costs against the budget to determine how costs and work are progressing on the project. Because of those factors, managers track costs by each department. Each department has its budgets to track the costs as a product moves through procurement, manufacturing, quality assurance, and distribution. It is the cost which is involved in specific work or jobs which are performed according to the customer’s needs. To measure the cost of a product, various cost techniques are used.

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